Internet of things refers to a system of interrelated computing devices, objects, mechanical and digital machines and people or animals. These objects are provided with unique identifiers and have the ability to transfer data or information over a network without requiring human to computer or human to human interactions. This article outlines the history of Internet of things and its today state to bring out its importance in the modern world.
Basically, Internet of Things ecosystem consists of web-enabled smart devices that use embedded processors, sensors and communication hardware to collect, send and act on data they acquire from their environments. Due to the ability of the Internet Of Things to collect, send and act on data, the technology has many benefts in our daily operations namely:
- improve the customer experience
- enhance employee productivity
- integrate and adapt business models
- make better business decisions
- generate more revenue
- save time and money
History of Internet of things
The co-founder of the Auto-ID Centre at MIT, Kevin Ashton called his presentation that aimed at bringing radio frequency ID (RFID) to the attention of P&G’s senior management “Internet of Things” to incorporate the great new trends of 1999.
The Internet of things has evolved from the convergence of wireless technologies, microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), micro services and the internet. This coverage has helped a lot in tearing down the silos between operational technology and information technology. It has also enabled unstructured machine-generated data to be analysed for insights to drive improvements. Since 1999, Internet of things has been growing and getting more advanced every day.
There have been a lot of internet appliances that connected machines to machines even before the 1999. For instance in Carnegie Mellon University There was the first internet appliance ever to be discovered. It was a Coke machine which was discovered in the early 1980s. Using the web, programmers could check the status of the machine and determine whether there would be a cold drink awaiting them and then make a decision whether to go get the coke depending on whether what they wanted was available on the machine.
Since then, Internet Of Things evolved to machines connecting to each other via a network without human interaction. Later it was viewed as a sensor network of billions of smart devices that connect people, systems and other applications to collect and share data.
The internet of things is also a category of software application program for process control, the gathering of data in real time from remote locations to control equipment and conditions. This can also be referred to as the “supervisory control and data acquisition”.